French Law.  A juridicial fact.  One of the factors or elements constitutive of an obligation.

“Under the French legal system, causation is considered as a legal fact (‘fait juridique’) that can be proved by all means (‘par tous moyens’).”  Florence G’sell, Causation, Counterfactuals and Probabilities in Philosophy and Legal Thinking, 91 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 503, 522-23 (2016).

“The Anglo-American dichotomy between act and offense with its ensuing consequences of legal insecurity and repetitious litigation has a counterpart in the French distinction between “fait materiel et fait juridique.” It was early recognized that all courts, including the assizes, have the right to consider an accusation under new viewpoints which may come up during the trial and which may lead to a legal characterization different from the one used in the accusation.” Otto Kirchheimer, The Act, the Offense and Double Jeopardy, 58 Yale L.J. 513, 544 (1949).