The Constitution and various civil rights statutes protect individuals from a wide variety of kinds of discrimination by local, state and federal governments as well as many private actors. The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution is the source of protection against governmental discrimination because of race and sex. Thus, the right to vote and to participate in civic activities, such as service on juries, is protected against discrimination. Discrimination in employment is prohibited on many grounds, as is discrimination in housing, in educational programs, etc.

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